Potassium is a very important mineral for the body. It controls the functioning of the nerves and the muscles. The most important muscle in the body is the heart. If the Potassium becomes too high, among other things, it can cause irregular heartbeats, heart failure and sudden death. It is therefore, very important to restrict foods that contain high levels of Potassium.
Fruits generally contain high Potassium levels. Many vegetables also contain high potassium. Vegetables can be leached to remove a lot of the potassium. Here’s how you can leach vegetables to remove a lot of the potassium in them:
1. Peel and place the vegetable in water before you dice to avoid darkening.
2. Cut the vegetable into thin cubes or slices.
3. Soak the diced vegetable in warm water for at least 4 hours. Alternatively dice and put in cold water overnight to cook in the morning.
4. You may change the water in the morning and leave it for leaching for another 2 hours.
5. Rinse under warm water again for a few minutes.
6. Cook vegetable with five times the amount of water to the amount of vegetable.
7. Drain the water.
If you really want to eat some fruit, do so in the first half hour of dialysis or just before dialysis. That way, it will get dialysed out during your session since Potassium is removed easily during dialysis.
Normal Potassium Value: 3.5 to 5.1 mEq/l
Foods high in Potassium:
Potatoes, Tomatoes, Palak
Dry fruits, Chocolates
Lo Na Salt
Fruit juices, Sauces
Foods low in Potassium:
Cucumber, Carrots, Beans
Note that large quantities of low Potassium foods become high Potassium foods! So, have even the low Potassium foods in moderation.