Phosphorus is a mineral which is present in almost all foods we eat. Phosphorus is essential for the production and storage of energy in the human body. Our body requires phosphorus to use vitamins and minerals. Phosphorus along with calcium is vital for the formation of strong bones and teeth.
Normal kidneys filter the excess phosphorus and maintain the needed balance of phosphorus in the blood. Dialysis can remove some phosphorus but cannot remove all of the excess phosphorus in the body. Since dialysis alone cannot manage levels of phosphorous, managing what you eat becomes all the more important. Otherwise, there can be raised blood levels of phosphorus.
High levels of phosphorus in the blood can
– Cause renal bone disease, where the bones become weak and break easily
– Make the skin itch
– Form hard deposits in the arteries, heart, skin etc.
Normal Phosphorus: 2.5 to 4.5 mg/dl
Foods high in Phosphorus
Paneer, tofu, cheese
Chicken, eggs, fish
Ready to eat foods
Foods low in Phosphorus