By: Mrinal Pandit, Chief Dietitian, NephroPlus
Proteins make an integral part of meal with people on dialysis. Food rich in proteins should be planned well so as to make sure they replenish the loss during dialysis and do not add up to unwanted nutrient to the diet. Pulses and legumes are very good source of protein, but if not taken in suggested form and quantity can add to unnecessary potassium load. Similarly, dairy products are rich in phosphorous, consumption of extra serving, can land you into trouble and precipitate symptoms like joint pain, itching and dry skin.
While, choosing the dairy product in the menu, consider the consistency of the food at room temperature and potassium and phosphorus content per serving.
Curd is a probiotic and good source of proteins. It is used in varied Indian dishes to make gravies, marinates and raitas. It improves digestion by increasing the good bacteria in the stomach and reducing the side effect of antibiotics.
Curd when further processed yields high protein product called hung curd. Hung curd or Greek yogurt, have existed for a long time in many countries. Labneh (Eastern Mediterranean), Torba (Turkey), Stragisto (Greece), Chakka (India), and Ymer (Denmark) are all examples of concentrated or strained fermented milks with different geographical origins. In a study conducted when the losses in all nutritional items that were drained from the yogurt at the end of the filtration was evaluated, it was determined that the highest loss occurred in lactose, at 71.14%, and the lowest loss was in fat, at 0.77%. The average mineral losses in sodium, potassium, calcium, and the riboflavin vitamin content were above 60%, whereas the losses in thiamine and phosphorus were approximately 50%.
Plain Curd Vs Hung Curd
|Nutrients per 100g||Plain Curd||Hung Curd|
How to incorporate Hung curd in daily diet-
- Make a parfait by layering yogurt, dry cereal, and topping with your favourite low potassium fruit
- Top pancakes with yogurt and sliced strawberries or any low potassium fruit
- Enjoy it as mid-day snack by blending yogurt with fruit or squash to make a delicious smoothie
- Dip raw vegetables in pepper and chili flakes seasoned yogurt
- Use yogurt for salad dressing and dips