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Count When You Eat!

nephroplus | May 5, 2016

By Mrinal Pandit, Cheif Dietician, NephroPlus
Often when it comes to our favorite foods we somehow want to squeeze them in our daily diet even if we know they alter our blood reports negatively. I think the forbidden food groups tempt us the most. Every time you see your Consultant/Nutritionist, you are up with a never ending food list to discuss about the foods to be included in the meals. A generalized answer to this is simple – a yes or a no, but what if the NO groups foods are the ones you love?? The solution to this is to understand the portion size and their content; it will help you include all your favorite foods in your daily meal.

The potassium restricted diet typically ranges between 1500 mg – 2000 mg potassium per day or 0.8 – 1.0 mmol/kg. Depending on your clinical reports this may vary. A dietician can guide you in choosing different food sources depending on the amount of potassium intake prescribed.

To understand the amount of potassium in our daily meal, choose the foods from the list below and calculate the total intake of potassium per day. Other factors like phosphorous, sodium and fluid content of the food should also be considered.

Foods having potassium less than 100 mg are considered to be low potassium, 100-200 mg moderate potassium and above 200 mg is high potassium.

You can’t reduce potassium in the food, but you can reduce the quantity to make it low potassium. If you want to enjoy a Mango, limit the consumption to 50 g, so the potassium contribution would be approximately 100 mg which can be considered as low potassium. Similarly, other portion sizes can be manipulated to enjoy your favorite foods.

Reference value for dietary potassium on Dialysis:

Food List Amount Potassium (mg) Food List Amount Potassium (mg)
Leafy Vegetables Other Vegetables
Amaranth cooked( Laal Math) 1 Cup 846 Bitter Gourds (Karela) 100 g 171
Cabbage Chopped 1 Cup 151 Bottle Gourd (Lauki) 100 g 87
Celery leaves 1 tbsp./7.5 g 20 Brinjal (Baingan) 100 g 200
Colocasia leaves (Alu) 100 g 648 Capsicum (Simla Mirch) 100 g 175
Coriander Leaves (Dhaniya) ¼ cup 20 Cauliflower 100 g 138
Drumstick leaves (Shevga) 100 g 259 Corn, Sweet 100 g 270
Fenugreek Leaves (Methi) 100 g 31 Cucumber (Kakdi) 100 g 50
Lettuce, Leaf Medium/8 g 3 Drumsticks 100 g 259
Mint (Pudina) 2 tbsp./3.2 gm. 18 French Beans 100 g 120
Mustard Leaves chopped (Sarsoo) 1 cup 215 Jackfruit Tender (Kathal) 100 g 328
Parsley 1 tbsp./3.8 g 21 Kovai (Kondru) 100 g 246
Shepu/Dill 100 g 738 Knol Khol (Khol-rabi) 100 g 37
Spinach (Palak) 100 g 558 Ladies Finger (Bhindi) 100 g 103
Turnip Green chopped
(Shalgam-ka-Saag)
1 cup/55 g 163 Mango, green 100 g 83
Roots and Tubers Parwar 100 g 83
Beetroot 100 g 43 Plantain Flower (kele-da-phool) 100 g 185
Colocasia (Arvi) 100 g 550 Ridge Gourd (Torai) 100 g 50
Onion 1 Medium 127 Snake Gourd (Padwal) 100 g 34
Potato (Aloo) 100 g 247 Tinda 100 g 24
Radish , white (Muli) 100 g 138 Tomato 100 g 146
Sweet Potato (Shakarkand) 100 g 393 Mushroom 100 g 318
Tapioca 100 g 764 Fruits
Turnip (Shalgam) 1 Medium 233 Amla 100g 225
Yam (Suran) 100 g 450 Apple 100g 75
Sea Food Banana, ripe 100g 88
Hilsa 100 g 183 Blackberries 100g 162
Mackerel (Bangda) 100 g 435 Blueberries 100g 77
Pomfret 100 g 375 Bullock’s Heart (Ramphal) 100g 382
Prawn 100 g 262 Cherries 100g 320
Rohu 100 g 288 Dates (Khajoor) 100g 656
Meat and Poultry Figs (Anjeer) 100g 232
Beef 100 g 214 Grapes 100g 191
Egg white 1 in no 54 Guava (Amrud) 100g 91
Egg 1 in no 69 Jackfruit (Kathal) 100g 448
Goat Meat 100 g 270 Jambu Fruit 100g 55
Milk & Milk Products Kiwi 100g 312
Milk, buffalo 1 cup 90 Lemon 1 medium 68
Milk, cow 1 cup 140 Litchi 100 g 159
Curd, cow 1 cup 13 Mango. ripe 100 g 205
Cottage Cheese (Paneer) 100 g 125 Melon, musk 100 g 341
Cereals Melon, water 100 g 160
Bajra 100 g 307 Orange 100 g 9.3
Jowar 100 g 131 Papaya, ripe 100 g 69
Puffed Rice (Murmura) 100 g 77 Peaches 100 g 453
Ragi (Nachani) 100 g 408 Pear 100 g 96
Rice 100 g 77 Pineapple 100 g 37
Rice Flakes (Poha) 100 g 10.9 Plum 100 g 247
Sago (Sabudana) 100 g 11 Pomegranate 100 g 133
Semolina (Sooji) 100 g 83 Raisins 100 g 825
Vermicelli (Semaiya) 100 g 138 Raspberries 100 g 151
Wheat 100 g 315 Rose Apple 100 g 50
Legumes and Pulses Sapota (Chikku) 100 g 269
Bengal Gram (Chana Dal) 100 g 720 Seetaphal 100 g 247
Green Gram (Moong) 100 g 1150 Strawberry 100 g 153
Lentil (Masoor) 100 g 629 Zizyphus (Ber) 100 g 250
Moth Beans (Matki) 100 g 1096 Miscellaneous
Peas green, Fresh 100 g 79 Almond 100 g 733
Rajmah 100 g 1406 Bread slice 01 36
Red gram (Tur Dal) 100 g 1104 Fish Oil, cod liver 1tsp 0
Ice Cream, vanilla 100 ml 199
Instant coffee 2 teas 3
Lotus stem 100 g 556
Soya chunks ¼ cup 594
Soya Curd 1 bowl 199
Soya Milk 1 cup 118
Soya Roasted 100 g 1364
Tamarind Fruit (3″ x 1″) 13
Tamarind Pulp 1 tsp. 32

Source: NIN, ICMR 

  • One cup is 100 g for solid foods and 120 ml for fluids unless otherwise specified
  • The potassium values of foods are as per raw edible portion unless otherwise specified
  • The potassium content of food may vary depending upon the cooking technique.
  • A note book or excel sheet can be maintained to note down daily intake and the portion size.
  • Usage of measuring cups and weighing scale is suggested to ensure recommended portion size.

Disclaimer: The information given above is meant only for reference purpose, it is recommended to consult your Doctor/Dietician before you make any changes in the diet.

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